Lichen sclerosus is a skin condition that affects the skin and mucous membranes. The condition results in the thickening of the skin, which can cause symptoms like itching, burning, and cracking. New York Lichen sclerosus is a skin condition characterized by rough, reddened patches on the skin. The patches are mostly located around the anal or genital areas. They can also occur as raised patches on the chest or abdomen.
The redness is often described as lumpy or spongy. The patches are usually small and flat, although sometimes they may be larger and more raised.
Here are the symptoms and causes of lichen sclerosus?
What are the symptoms of lichen sclerosus?
- Redness of the skin
- Thickening of the skin
- Skin lesions
- Severe pain
What are the causes of lichen sclerosus?
The cause of lichen sclerosus is unknown. Scientists believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors causes it.
Genetic makeup: Lichen sclerosus is an inherited condition. It can be passed down from parent to child or run in families.
Environmental factors: The environment plays a role in developing lichen sclerosus. The following factors may increase your risk of developing lichen sclerosus:
- Skin dryness, especially with cold weather or windy conditions
- Exposure to ultraviolet light or sunlight – These can damage the skin and increase your risk of developing lichen sclerosus.
Who is prone to lichen sclerosus?
Lichen sclerosus can affect anyone but is most common in postmenopausal women. The exact cause of lichen sclerosus is unknown, but some risk factors have been identified. These include a family history of the condition, having another autoimmune disease such as vitiligo or lupus, and exposure to certain medications or chemicals. While lichen sclerosus does not have a cure, early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent serious complications from developing.
What is the best treatment for lichen sclerosus?
The signs of the condition are easy to identify, including white patches on the skin and thinning or wrinkling of the affected area. Itching and pain can also be present as a result of lichen sclerosus. Due to its chronic nature, lichen sclerosus can become persistent without adequate treatment, so it is important for those affected to manage their symptoms with help from their medical professionals proactively.
Fortunately, lichen sclerosus can typically be controlled with topical treatments and lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers like harsh soaps and tight clothing. These preventative measures will help reduce the risk of secondary complications, allowing those impacted by this disorder to maintain their well-being comfortably.
Lichen sclerosus can lead to the thickening and hardening of the affected area, resulting in scarring and narrowing. It most often occurs in areas such as the genitalia, anus, upper chest, or underarms, but it can happen anywhere on the body. When left untreated, it has been known to result in significant discomfort due to scarring and narrowing of the skin. Despite this, early treatment is available and greatly reduces complications by minimizing symptoms and preventing the condition’s progression. If you are experiencing any symptoms related to lichen sclerosus, contact Elizabeth A. Eden, M.D., F.A.C.O.G.